L0029127 Oriental Collection, MS Ottoman Turkish 3 Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images

The Turkish of present-day Turkey is a language of Central Asian origin related to many other 'Turkic' languages such as Azerbaijani, Türkman, and Uzbek. Although Turkish is structurally unrelated to Arabic and Persian, the Ottoman language is written in the Arabic alphabet and includes thousands of Arabic and Persian loan-words. Modern Turkish is written in the Western alphabet and differs considerably from Ottoman.